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T2DM is generally considered a progressive, incurable, and increasingly prevalent illness characterized by insulin resistance and a deficiency in the absence of autoimmune beta-cell destruction, accounting for 90-95% of all diabetes cases . Furthermore, it has become the most challenging endocrine disease and a leading cause of mortality worldwide, which by all predictions will only increase . With rapid urbanization, economic growth, and changes in lifestyles, the prevalence of T2DM in China is increasing significantly, representing a serious problem that causes a significant burden on society . The pathogenesis of T2DM is not yet entirely clear, and some evidence suggests it may be related to obesity, ethnicity, and environmental risk factors . Recently, emerging evidence has suggested that insulin resistance may be the most important contributor . Obese individuals tend to develop inflammation in their fat tissue, reducing the sensitivity of fat cells to insulin and inducing the development of T2DM and diminished effects of insulin . Furthermore, T2DM frequently causes microvascular pathological changes, leading to stroke, heart failure, renal failure, and myocardial infarction in late stages, leading to poor prognosis and quality of life in patients . Currently, treatment of T2DM comprises five primary methods: education for patients, self-monitoring of blood glucose, diet, exercise, and medication . However, these methods are expensive and inefficient. Hence, diagnosis is often delayed until complications have arisen and financial costs for the treatment of T2DM have become significant, indicating the urgent need to develop new and efficient therapies and prevention methods for the control of type 2 diabetes.